IVF is a process by which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside the body in a laboratory.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is used to enhance the fertilization phase of in vitro fertilization..
Sperm donation is used when the man in a relationship has no sperm or the sperm is genetically abnormal.
Egg donation is the process by which a young woman (egg donor) donates eggs..
A surrogacy arrangement is the carrying of a pregnancy by a surrogate mother for intended parents.